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The Ancient History of Varanasi – A Sacred Pilgrimage Site

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Varanasi's ancient History

The oldest name of Varanasi is Kashi. This glorification of city has been done in the religious scriptures. This name of Kashi has been spoken for 3000 years. Varanasi is an ancient city located on the banks of the River Ganges in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. According to Hindu religion it is one of the sacred pilgrimage sites. It is also a pilgrimage site for Buddhist and Jain religions. In Hindu belief it is called “Avimukt Kshetra”. Avimukta Kshetra means a place free from sin. It is said by beliefs that once a person takes bath in Ganga, all his sins are washed away by Mother Ganga due to which he becomes a pure soul.

Origin of Kashi

Talking about the origin of Kashi, according to religious beliefs and mythology, Lord Shiva himself had established the city of Kashi. It is said that Kashi rests on the trident 🔱 of Lord Shiva. Here Bholenath himself is present in the form of Kashi Vishwanath, which is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas. The most important thing in human life is to know the limitations of your body. Yesterday, you were born you will be buried only today is to sleep. This is the nature of existence.

Ghats in Varanasi

There are a total of 88 ghats in the city. Most of the ghats are bathing and pooja ceremony ghats, two ghats are exclusively used as cremation sites. Which is Manikarnika Ghat and Harichand Ghat.

Most of the Varanasi ghats were rebuilt after 1700 AD, when the city was part of the Maratha Empire. The patrons of the present ghat are the Marathas, Shinde Holkars, Bhosale and Peshwa (Peshav).

Assi Ghat, Dashashwamedh Ghat, Manikarnika Ghat, Panchganga Ghat, Rajendra Prasad Ghat Ganga Ghat, Keshav Ghat is one of the major and famous ghats of Varanasi. It is surrounded by Indian culture and mythology, Dashashwamedh Ghat, Assi Ghat where Ganga Aarti, or worship of river Ganga takes place every day in the evening at 7:00 pm. This pooja is performed by a group of priests at the ghats. Assi Ghat, Dashashwamedh ghat, Adi Keshav Temple Ghat near Varuna River, Panch Ganga and Manikarnika ghat are famous for bathing.

Dashashwamedh Ghat is located close to Kashi Vishwanath Temple and is the most popular ghat. According to the legend, Brahma performed Ashwamedha Yagya here. Every evening, aartis are performed at this ghat dedicated to shiva, Goddess Ganga, Surya, Agni as well as the entire universe. Can see boats or Ganga Seva Nidhi. Aarti, sitting on the stairs, office umbrella

The ghats of Varanasi are considered sacred and it is believed that if one takes a dupki(bath) in the Ganga river, he will be freed from all his troubles.

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